About Us India-Latvia Relations

India-Latvia Relations

Relations between India and Latvia are warm and friendly, based on shared commitment to democracy. Popular interest in Indian culture among the Latvian people has strengthened ties. Bilateral contacts date back to the time when Latvia was part of the Soviet Union and had a twinned status with Rajasthan. India recognized Latvia as a sovereign and independent state on September 7, 1991 and established diplomatic relations on 25 February 1992. The Latvian Government opened its Embassy in New Delhi in January 2014.  The Indian Mission in Stockholm is concurrently accredited to Latvia.

Political Relations

Since establishment of diplomatic relations, there have been a number of visits from Latvia to India.  The latest visit from Latvia to India was by Prime Minister of Latvia Mr. Māris Kučinskis from 2-6 November 2017. This was the first-ever visit at Prime Ministerial level between the two countries. Latvian PM and delegation participated in the "World Food India 2017” in New Delhi. PM Kučinskis met Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on 3 November 2017. Both leaders held discussions on various aspects of bilateral ties as well as important regional and global issues of mutual interest and focused on building closer cooperation in the areas of trade & investment, food processing and culture, among others. During the visit, the Protocol amending and supplementing the Agreement between India and Latvia relating to Air Services was signed. PM Kučinskis called on the President of India in New Delhi on 3 November. A 16-member business delegation from 7 Latvian companies participated in World Food India 2017. PM Kučinskis visited Mumbai from 4-6 November.  He also held meeting with the Governor of Maharashtra. 

Other high level visits from Latvia included by the Latvian President in 1997; Speaker in 2003; Deputy Prime Minister in 2003; Foreign Minister in 2006, September 2013 and November 2013; Minister of Culture in 2007 and March 2016; Minister for E-Governance in 2007; and Economics Minister in February 2010.

Minister of Electronics & IT and Law & Justice Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad visited Latvia from 13-16 September 2016.  This was the highest ever political visit from India. Minister Prasad met the Speaker of Saeima, Ms. Ināra Mūrniece, who was acting as the President in the latter’s absence. He also called on the Latvian Prime Minister, Mr. Maris Kucinskis. He had discussions with the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Economics, Mr. Arvils Aseradens, and the Latvian Minister for Justice, Mr. Dzintars Rasnacs. The two sides agreed on a meeting of a Joint Group of Experts to work out a roadmap for enhancing and expanding bilateral cooperation, including in economic, education and tourism sectors.

From India, there have been four visits by Minister of State for External Affairs, the last one being the visit of MoS Shri M. J. Akbar from 22-24 May 2017. He met with the President of Latvia Mr. Raimonds Vejonis; Speaker of the Saeima (Parliament of Latvia) Ms Ināra Mūrniece; Prime Minister of Latvia Mr. Māris Kučinskis; Deputy Prime Minister & Minister of Economics of the Republic of Latvia Mr Arvils Ašeradens; and Foreign Minister of Latvia Mr. Edgar Rinkevics. A bilateral Visa Exemption Agreement for Diplomatic Passport Holders was signed on 23 May. The Minister, along with the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economics of Latvia Mr Arvils Ašeradens, jointly inaugurated “India – Latvia Business Conference on  24 May 2017.  The Minister gave a talk on “India’s Global Vision – A Foreign Policy Perspective” at a Reception hosted by Ambassador Monika Kapil Mohta on 23 May 2017. The Minister also inaugurated Yoga Corner at the Botanical Garden in Riga and India Section in the National Library of Latvia.

The Minister of State for Health and Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (AYUSH), Mr. Shripad Yesso Naik, visited Riga from 15-18 May 2016. The delegation also included Secretary (AYUSH) and Director of the All India Institute of Ayurveda. The Minister met the Lativan Health Minister Mr. Guntis Belevics and the Members of Latvian Parliamentary Committee for relations with India led by Mr. Atis Lejins. The Minister also met Rector and other important functionaries of the University of Latvia and discussed cooperation in the field of integrated systems of medicine, including Ayurveda and Yoga, and setting up a Chair of Ayurveda and an AYUSH Information Cell at the University of Latvia.  This was the first Ministerial visit from India to Latvia since March 2011 and gave a boost to bilateral relations.

A 3-member AYUSH delegation led by Dr. K.S. Dhiman (KSD), Director General, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS) visited Riga to attend the International Scientific Network on Ayurveda organized by the University of Latvia on 28-29 May 2015.  They called on the Deputy State Secretary of Health on 29 May 2015 and discussed possible collaboration in the field of Ayurveda and establishment of AYUSH Chair in Latvian Universities.  The 6th round of Foreign Office Consultations was held in New Delhi on 3 February 2015.  Ms. Vrinda Sarup, Secretary, Department of School Education & Literacy led a 3-member delegation to Riga from 27-28 April 2015 to attend the 5th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) Education Ministers’ Meeting.

Latvian President Raimonds V�"jonis met Vice President Hamid Ansari on 16 July 2016 on the sidelines of 11th ASEM Summit in Mongolia.  Minister of State for External Affairs Gen. (Dr.) V.K. Singh and the Foreign Minister of Latvia, Mr. Edgars Rinkevics, met in Luxembourg on 5 November 2015 on the sidelines of ASEM Foreign Ministers' Meeting.  Latvian Foreign Minister Edgar Rinkevics met with External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj in New York on 18 September 2017. 

Following institutional agreements/arrangements have been put in place for promoting trade, investments and other relations:- (i) Declaration of Principles and Directions of Co-operation signed in September 1995; (ii) Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation in the fields of Culture, Arts, Education, Science, Mass-Media and Sports signed in Sept 1995; (iii) Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation between Latvia and India signed in Sept 1995; (iv) Protocol on Foreign Office Consultations signed in September 1995; (v) Air Services Agreement signed in October 1997; (vi)Agreement on the Inter- Governmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation signed in June 2001; (vii) Cultural Exchange Agreement was signed in May 2006; (viii) Bilateral Investment Protection Agreement signed in February 2010. (ix) Agreement on Health was signed on 28 February 2012; and (xi) Agreement on Prevention of Double Taxation and Tax Evasion was signed in September 2013.

India and Latvia have reached a reciprocal support arrangement whereby Latvia would support India’s candidature to the UNSC non-permanent seat for 2021-22 and India would support Latvian candidature to the UNSC non-permanent seat for 2026-27. 

In December 2010, an India-Latvia Parliamentary Friendship Group was set up in Latvian Parliament. A similar Friendship Group has also been set up in Parliament of India. The Chairman of the Latvia-India Friendship Group and Member of Parliament, Mr. Atis Lejins, visited India from 3-12 April 2015 under the Distinguished Visitors Programme of ICCR. The then Speaker of Latvian Parliament had visited India in October 2012 and had invited her Indian counterpart to Latvia. The Speaker of Lok Sabha is likely to visit Latvia this year soon.

Economic & Commercial Relations

Bilateral trade stood at about US $ 141 million 2015-16 which rose to US$ 155.56 IN 2016-17. Major Indian exports are tea, coffee, tools, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, garments, iron & steel etc. Major Indian imports include chemicals, fertilizers, iron & steel, machinery etc. There is scope for growth of textiles, agro-products, gems and jewellery, chemical dyes and pharmaceuticals.

Bilateral Trade since 2008










India's Exports










India's Imports



















Source: Ministry of Commerce, India.  Figures in US$ million and year refer to financial year i.e. April-March.

Consequent to Latvia's accession to the EU, Indian companies can access the EU market through investment in Latvia. Its geostrategic location as a potential gateway to the CIS countries as well as Russia along with its excellent all weather ports add to the potential. Taking these factors along with the investment friendly policies of the Latvian government and the recent steady economic growth which saw Latvia emerge as the fastest growing member of the Euro-zone, Latvia offers good opportunities for Indian firms. However, investments in both directions are below potential. As per Latvian Register of companies, till 2013, there were 87 Indian companies registered in Latvia but the total investment is only about US $ 1 million.  Potential areas of investment from India include pharmaceuticals and healthcare, telecommunications, IT and software development, heavy engineering and biotechnology. Cumulative figures of Latvian FDI in India are less than US $ 0.1 million.

Cultural and Educational Relations

Under the Cultural Exchange Programme for 2006-08 between the two countries, and even after it was put on hold in 2008 at Latvian Government’s request, several Indian cultural troupes have performed in Latvia; mostly sponsored by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations.

Latvians have been regular beneficiaries of ITEC training programmes, the courses for foreign diplomats offered by the FSI as well as scholarships provided by ICCR.

The University of Latvia has established a "Centre for Indian Studies and Culture" which was formally inaugurated on 9 September 2013. It is organizing Yoga classes and Hindi classes as well as other activities to promote India. The University of Latvia and several other Latvian Universities are keen to establish collaborative relations with Indian Universities as well as to receive students from India. Seven Universities came together to open a Study in Latvia Centre (SLC) in Chennai in February 2014.

Promotion of Ayurveda in Latvia

There is promising potential for promoting Ayurveda and Yoga in Latvia. Both are popular and seen as ways to improve holistic healthcare. Further, the University of Latvia has been very supportive. As a result, the University of Latvia, in collaboration with the Arya Vaidya Pharmacy, Coimbatore (AVP, which has received a grant as Centre of Excellence from AYUSH Ministry), has been conducting a 3-month Diploma course in Introduction to Ayurveda since February 2015.  The students are mainly qualified allopathic medical doctors. The University also wants to offer higher level courses. It organised an international scientific forum titled ‘Fostering Latvia-India Cooperation’, dedicated to cooperation between Latvia and India in the field of research and education, including Ayurveda, on 28-29 May 2015. Other efforts to promote Ayurveda in Latvia include on-going translation into Latvian language of a book on Ayurveda which could be used as a text book, proposal to set up an Ayurveda Chair and an Ayush Information Cell at the University of Latvia; and a joint study on Type-2 Diabetes.

Indian Community

There is a small Indian community in Latvia numbering around 1000 and mostly engaged in business activities. This includes around 800 Indian students studying medicine and technical courses in Latvian Universities. Number of persons of Indian origin is about 40. 


21 March 2018